Being the largest producer and exporter of coffee beans, coffee from Brazil is probably the most widely consumed coffee in the world.
Brazil has the highest coffee plantation density and has been the largest exporter of coffee for the last 150 years.
The great infrastructure for exporting coffee from Brazil has led many coffee exporters to gain a lot from it.
In this blog, let’s explore the many facets of the Brazilian coffee industry.
History of Brazilian Coffee
Brazil got introduced to coffee in the 1700s when a Portuguese lieutenant secretly carried the beans from French Guiana. However, it was not until the 1800s, i.e. almost a hundred years later, production was greater than consumption. It was in this period that both Arabica and Robusta started to be traded around the globe.
However, Brazil’s production declined during the economic crash but it stabilized after the International Coffee Agreement was signed. After this, there was a huge boon in Brazil’s coffee production and the sheer amount of coffee produced meant that Brazil would have a huge impact on the global coffee market.
However, due to this huge quantity of coffee produced, many tend to think that Brazil values quantity over quality. But that is not true.
Brazil produces high-quality Arabica beans that are noted for their smooth flavor. Along with that, several farms from various regions of Brazil are using innovation and devoting time and energy to produce high-quality beans.
Coffee Harvesting in Brazil
A major part of Brazil’s coffee harvesting including picking up the cherries is done mechanically using machines. But that poses the risk of picking up even the unripe cherries. The reason why many farms are focusing on handpicking the cherries, such that only the ripe ones are picked.
The natural process is another major process carried out in drying the cherries. This process involves drying the cherries with the pulp still intact. The advantage of this process is that water consumption is low while it produces a sweet-tasting brew.
This process is widely followed in coffee harvesting in Brazil and is responsible for the low acidity of Brazilian coffee.
The semi-washed process of drying cherries involves drying the cherries with only the mucilage attached. This process too creates low acidity but adds many interesting flavors to Brazilian coffee.
Brazilian Coffee Flavors
Brazilian coffee is noted for its sweet and chocolaty flavor. They also have low acidity and medium body.
Brazil grows its coffee at lower altitudes limiting the overall variety of flavors. However, it has the advantage of consistency of flavors. This consistency of flavors has another benefit and that is Brazilian coffee is often used as a base for several blends.
Modern Trends in Brazilian Coffee Industry
In recent times, many small farms are focusing on producing several unique varieties of coffee though the yield is much less.
Thus, in recent times, the quality of Brazilian coffee is gaining on the cupping scores and attracting the attention of many roasters worldwide.
High-quality Brazilian coffee is much traceable and with these types, you can gain a lot of information about the milling station and even the plantation owner.
However, most of Brazil’s coffee comes labeled ‘Santos’ which gets its label from the port in Sao Paulo from which it is exported.
Brazilian Coffee Future
Global coffee consumption has only seen a rise in recent years and this is good news for the Brazilian coffee industry. However, this also means a great many coffee producers will have to adapt to create unique and variety of flavors.
Thus you can see that the excellent infrastructure that Brazil offers has led the nation to be the largest coffee manufacturers and exporter in the world. Several plantation owners have been added to the list of coffee exporters and they are making a fortune out of this.
Though Brazilian coffee lacks variety when compared to the other coffee-growing countries, Brazil, with its sheer quantity of coffee produced maintains its place as the largest coffee producer and exporter of coffee in the world.
With its sweet, nutty, and chocolaty flavor, Brazilian coffee continues to entice coffee consumers and it is likely to continue for several years to come.